It's all coffee. Basically the difference between espresso and drip coffee is the extraction method. Espresso is finely ground coffee put in a special basket and pushed through this basket with a lot of force for a short period of time; whereas drip coffee is ground coarser and usually extracted through a gravity drip method.
As for the difference in the types of drinks you inquired about: espresso, latte, and mocha. Espresso is just a straight shot of coffee made from the espresso machine without any thing else added to it. The latte is milk steamed to a velvety consistancy and blended with the espresso shot, and the mocha is basically a latte with chocolate added.
I think a little more detail should go into this drink identification, as there's some very good and popular drinks undefined here. Let's see we've established coffee, espresso, latte, and mocha, let's get on with the list
Cappuccino = 1 shot espresso and equal parts steamed milk and foam
Macchiato = a shot or two of Espresso and a dollup of foam...Star$$$ makes a drink by the same name, but it's something different and I dont remember what
Cafe au Lait = kinda like a latte but without the foam
Depth Charge/shot in the dark/Brewed Awakening = This treat with many alliases is just a standard Cup o' Joe with a shot of espresso dropped in
That's all the standards I can think of... if there's anything else I forgot, please add to the list
Wow! I didn't think this would be a "Ben Hurr" production. I offered the simplest explaination of the differences But it's good that people are doing a more defined research. Who knows we may even create more drinks in the future. After all creativity is the key to this industry. Keep it coming
A small cup of coffee brew individually by water pressure process, with a portion of grind coffee weighting between 5 to 7 grams. The amount of water brewed can vary from 1oz to 3oz. Your coarse of coffee will be grind consequently
The standard should be 1/3 of espresso, 1/3 of steamed milk, 1/3 frothed milk.
Add steamed milk to your espresso, there is no standard depending where are in the US, some makes a double, some a triple; factors like the quality of coffee, the degree of roasting, the extraction of the brew and other are the???? Coffee, may very between 10 and 14 grams, also known as double.
Espresso combined with a liberal amount of foamy steamed milk.
Café au Lait:
French for coffee with milk – it consists of equal portions of steamed milk and fresh brewed coffee.
An Espresso with a dollop of steamed milk foam on top.
An Espresso with a dollop of whipped cream on top.
An Espresso in a coffee cup filled with hot water.
Chocolate with Espresso and steamed milk topped with whipped cream.
Learn to speak coffee!!
Barista Expert Espresso bartender / waiter
Brevé Any milk based Espresso drink using semi-skimmed milk
Con Panna With cream
Crema Dense golden brown foam found on Espresso - indication of freshness
Demitasse Small Espresso cup, holding 2 - 3 oz coffee
Double Two shots of coffee
Double Cupping Two takeaway cups inside each other to prevent burning hands
Double Fun Flavoring the coffee and the milk
Dry No steamed milk (just foamed milk)
Foamless No foamed milk
Grande Large size 16 oz cup
Lungo Means long and refers to a long pull of Espresso
Macchiato Marked or spotted
Four shots of coffee
8 oz cup
Semi skimmed milk
Tall Tall glass or tumbler 12 oz in size
Triple Three shots of coffee
Wet Steamed milk (no foamed milk)
Whipless No whipped cream
Cup not completely filled, leaving room for cream